Delivery and implementation of an algorithm for smoking cessation treatment for people living with HIV and AIDS

Academic Article


  • Compared to the general population, persons living with HIV (PLWH) have higher rates of tobacco use and an increased risk of morbidity from tobacco-related diseases. We conducted a single-arm pilot study of the real-world feasibility of integrating a smoking cessation decisional algorithm within routine clinic visits to engage non-treatment-seeking smokers in smoking cessation therapies. Smokers had an initial study visit during routine care followed by phone contacts at one and three months. Participants completed a baseline survey, followed by the algorithm which resulted in a recommendation for a smoking cessation medication, which was prescribed during the visit. Follow-up phone surveys assessed changes in smoking behavior and use of cessation medications at 1 and 3 months. Participants’ (N = 60) self-reported smoking decreased from a baseline average of 14.4 cigarettes/day to 7.1 cigarettes/day at 3 months (p =.001). Nicotine dependence (FTND) decreased from 5.6 at baseline to 3.6 at 3 months (p <.001). Twenty-seven (45%) made a 24-h quit attempt and 39 (65%) used cessation medication. Insurance prior-authorization delayed medication receipt for seven participants and insurance denial occurred for one. Motivational status did not significantly influence outcomes. The algorithm was successful in engaging participants to use cessation medications and change smoking behaviors.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cropsey KL; Bean MC; Haynes L; Carpenter MJ; Richey LE
  • Start Page

  • 223
  • End Page

  • 229
  • Volume

  • 32
  • Issue

  • 2