Congenital cytomegalovirus infections are among the most common of the newborn in the developed world. These infections are the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Studies utilizing ganciclovir and valganciclovir demonstrate improved hearing and Bailey Developmental scores. Because of the ease of administration, valganciclovir is the recommended treatment of choice for 6 months. Therapy should be reserved for those babies with symptomatic disease; no data are available regarding the impact of treatment on those babies with asymptomatic disease.