High-resolution structural studies elucidate antiatherogenic and anti-inflammatory properties of peptides designed to mimic amphipathic α-helical domains of apolipoprotein A-I

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Peptides designed to mimic the antiatherogenic and anti-inflammatory properties of apolipoprotein A-I show that although lipid association is required, not all lipid-associating peptides exhibit these properties. Our studies of a series of peptides showed that peptides with aromatic residues at the center of the nonpolar face were able to interact with inflammatory lipids and inhibited inflammation, which resulted in the amelioration of several lipid-mediated disorders such as lesion development, tumor formation, and Alzheimer's plaque formation. The pKa values determined using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of K residues located at the polar-nonpolar interface provided the first clue to the relative orientations of the peptide helices with respect to each other and around the edge of the lipid discoidal complexes. High-resolution 1H-NMR studies of peptide-lipid discoidal complex confirmed the amphipathic α-helical structure of the peptide, location of aromatic residues of the peptide closer to the polar-nonpolar interface, and head-to-tail arrangement of the peptide helices around the edge of the disc. Amphipathic α-helical structure and the location of aromatic residues (F, W, Y) closer to the polar-nonpolar interface in a lipid environment allow the peptide to strongly bind oxidized lipids resulting in its anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mishra VK; Anantharamaiah GM
  • Volume

  • 14
  • Issue

  • 5