Delayed recall performance was investigated in 13 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and 13 healthy age-matched controls who were matched on a pairwise basis for initial learning on the Selective Reminding test. TLE patients performed significantly worse on the 30-minute delayed recall condition despite equivalent initial continuous long-term retrieval scores. These data suggest that TLE patients forget at disproportionately rapid rates as compared to healthy controls despite equivalent initial learning. Consequently, delayed recall may increase group discrimination when initial learning levels are similar. © 1988.