Bridging to lung transplantation with double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © The Author(s) 2019. Background: Double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be used as a bridge to lung transplantation. Predictors of outcome with this strategy have not been well described. Methods: All patients with irreversible lung disease who developed acute pulmonary failure and required double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to decision or lung transplant at our institution were included in this study. Survival of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients was compared with listed patients who did not require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with lung allocation score in the highest 10% for the same period. Results: Fifteen patients (46 ± 17 years old) received double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannula. Mean length of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was 18.2 (1–60) days. Of these, seven patients were bridged to lung transplant, six died on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and two weaned to recovery. Amount of red blood cell transfusion was significantly higher (3.3 vs 18.5 U, p = 0.003) and lowest oxygen saturation was significantly lower in non-survivors (84.5% vs 66.3%, p = 0.002). Of the seven patients who were already listed for lung transplant at the onset of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, five were transplanted. Overall survival to hospital discharge was 60%. Survival of patients with lung allocation score in the highest 10% (average lung allocation score 83.4) in the same period was 80%. Conclusion: Double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannula is a feasible option to bridge patients to decision or lung transplantation. Blood transfusion requirement and low oxygen saturation are markers of poor prognosis. Listing status at the time of cannulation and ambulation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support may be important indicators of good outcome.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Yanagida R; Seethamraju H; Davenport DL; Tribble TA; Zwischenberger JB; Hoopes CW
  • Start Page

  • 621
  • End Page

  • 627
  • Volume

  • 42
  • Issue

  • 11