Group Contingencies to Increase Appropriate Behaviors in the Classroom: Tips for Success

Academic Article


  • Group contingencies are effective classroom-based interventions that can be used to increase the academic engagement of students with disabilities. This article defines and outlines examples of dependent, independent, and interdependent group contingencies. In addition, tips for success, including making reinforcement accessible to students, pairing reinforcement with behavior-specific praise, integrating self-monitoring, and providing a visual display of progress toward reinforcement, are discussed. Strategies for preventing challenges to implementation are also discussed.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ennis RP
  • Start Page

  • 82
  • End Page

  • 89
  • Volume

  • 27
  • Issue

  • 2