Technical laboratory standards for interpretation and reporting of acquired copy-number abnormalities and copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity in neoplastic disorders: a joint consensus recommendation from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) and the Cancer Genomics Consortium (CGC)

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019, American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. The detection of acquired copy-number abnormalities (CNAs) and copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) in neoplastic disorders by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) has significantly increased over the past few years with respect to both the number of laboratories utilizing this technology and the broader number of tumor types being assayed. This highlights the importance of standardizing the interpretation and reporting of acquired variants among laboratories. To address this need, a clinical laboratory-focused workgroup was established to draft recommendations for the interpretation and reporting of acquired CNAs and CN-LOH in neoplastic disorders. This project is a collaboration between the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) and the Cancer Genomics Consortium (CGC). The recommendations put forth by the workgroup are based on literature review, empirical data, and expert consensus of the workgroup members. A four-tier evidence-based categorization system for acquired CNAs and CN-LOH was developed, which is based on the level of available evidence regarding their diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic relevance: tier 1, variants with strong clinical significance; tier 2, variants with some clinical significance; tier 3, clonal variants with no documented neoplastic disease association; and tier 4, benign or likely benign variants. These recommendations also provide a list of standardized definitions of terms used in the reporting of CMA findings, as well as a framework for the clinical reporting of acquired CNAs and CN-LOH, and recommendations for how to deal with suspected clinically significant germline variants.
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    Author List

  • Mikhail FM; Biegel JA; Cooley LD; Dubuc AM; Hirsch B; Horner VL; Newman S; Shao L; Wolff DJ; Raca G
  • Start Page

  • 1903
  • End Page

  • 1915
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 9