Metabolic and functional reprogramming of myeloid-derived suppressor cells and their therapeutic control in glioblastoma

Academic Article


  • Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multi-forme, is the most common and deadliest form of high-grade malignant brain tumors with limited available treatments. Within the glioblastoma tumor microenvironment (TME), tumor cells, stromal cells, and infiltrating immune cells continuously interact and exchange signals through various secreted factors including cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, and metabolites. Simultaneously, they dynamically reprogram their metabolism according to environmental energy demands such as hypoxia and neovascularization. Such metabolic reprogramming can determine fates and functions of tumor cells as well as immune cells. Ultimately, glioma cells in the TME transform immune cells to suppress anti-tumor immune cells such as T, natural killer (NK) cells, and dendritic cells (DC), and evade immune surveillance, and even to promote angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Glioma-associated microglia/macrophages (GAMM) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are most abundantly recruited and expanded myeloid lineage cells in glioblastoma TME and mainly lead to im-munosuppression. In this review, of myeloid cells we will focus on MDSC as an important driver to induce immunosuppression in glioblastoma. Here, we review current literature on immu-nosuppressive functions and metabolic reprogramming of MDSCs in glioblastoma and discuss their metabolic pathways as potential therapeutic targets to improve current incurable glioblastoma treatment.
  • Published In

  • Cell Stress  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Won WJ; Deshane JS; Leavenworth JW; Oliva CR; Griguer CE
  • Start Page

  • 47
  • End Page

  • 65
  • Volume

  • 3
  • Issue

  • 2