Examination of the nucleotide-linked assembly mechanism of E. coli ClpA

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 The Protein Society Escherichia coli ClpA is a AAA+ (ATPase Associated with diverse cellular Activities) chaperone that catalyzes the ATP-dependent unfolding and translocation of substrate proteins targeted for degradation by a protease, ClpP. ClpA hexamers associate with one or both ends of ClpP tetradecamers to form ClpAP complexes. Each ClpA protomer contains two nucleotide-binding sites, NBD1 and NBD2, and self-assembly into hexamers is thermodynamically linked to nucleotide binding. Despite a number of studies aimed at characterizing ClpA and ClpAP-catalyzed substrate unfolding and degradation, respectively, to date the field is unable to quantify the concentration of ClpA hexamers available to interact with ClpP for any given nucleotide and total ClpA concentration. In this work, sedimentation velocity studies are used to quantitatively examine the self-assembly of a ClpA Walker B variant in the presence of ATP. In addition to the hexamerization, we observe the formation of a previously unreported ClpA dodecamer in the presence of ATP. Further, we report apparent equilibrium constants for the formation of each ClpA oligomer obtained from direct boundary modeling of the sedimentation velocity data. The energetics of nucleotide binding to NBD1 and NBD2 are revealed by examining the dependence of the apparent association equilibrium constants on free nucleotide concentration.
  • Published In

  • Protein Science  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Duran EC; Lucius AL
  • Start Page

  • 1312
  • End Page

  • 1323
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 7