Real-Time Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Based Fluorescence Imaging Improves Survival after Debulking Surgery in an Ovarian Cancer Model

Academic Article


  • © 2019 American Chemical Society. Improved cytoreductive surgery for advanced stage ovarian cancer (OC) represents a critical challenge in the treatment of the disease. Optimal debulking reaching no evidence of macroscopic disease is the primary surgical end point with a demonstrated survival advantage. Targeted molecule-based fluorescence imaging offers complete tumor resection down to the microscopic scale. We used a custom-built reflectance/fluorescence imaging system with an orthotopic OC mouse model to both quantify tumor detectability and evaluate the effect of fluorescence image-guided surgery on post-operative survival. The contrast agent is an intraperitoneal injectable nanomolecular probe, composed of single-walled carbon nanotubes, coupled to an M13 bacteriophage carrying a modified peptide binding to the SPARC protein, an extracellular protein overexpressed in OC. The imaging system is capable of detecting a second near-infrared window fluorescence (1000-1700 nm) and can display real-time video imagery to guide intraoperative tumor debulking. We observed high microscopic tumor detection with a pixel-limited resolution of 200 μm. Moreover, in a survival-surgery orthotopic OC mouse model, we demonstrated an increased survival benefit for animals treated with fluorescence image-guided surgical resection compared to standard surgery.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ceppi L; Bardhan NM; Na Y; Siegel A; Rajan N; Fruscio R; Del Carmen MG; Belcher AM; Birrer MJ
  • Start Page

  • 5356
  • End Page

  • 5365
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 5