© 2019, United States & Canadian Academy of Pathology. Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are interconnected syndromes with significant attributable morbidity and mortality. The disturbing trend of increasing incidence and prevalence of these clinical disorders highlights the urgent need for better understanding of the underlying mechanisms that are involved in pathogenesis of these conditions. Lymphangiogenesis and its involvement in various inflammatory conditions is increasingly recognized while its role in AKI and CKD remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we studied lymphangiogenesis in three models of kidney injury. Our results demonstrate that the main ligands for lymphangiogenesis, VEGF-C and VEGF-D, are abundantly present in tubules at baseline conditions and the expression pattern of these ligands is significantly altered following injury. In addition, we show that both of these ligands increase in serum and urine post-injury and suggest that such increment may serve as novel urinary biomarkers of AKI as well as in progression of kidney disease. We also provide evidence that irrespective of the nature of initial insult, lymphangiogenic pathways are rapidly and robustly induced as evidenced by higher expression of lymphatic markers within the kidney.