© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Introduction: We performed this study to identify the treatment patterns of patients with low-grade gliomas (LGG) in Korea. Methods: A total of 555 patients diagnosed as WHO grade II gliomas between 2000 and 2010 at 14 Korean institutions were included. The patients were divided into four adjuvant treatment groups: adjuvant fractionated radiotherapy (RT, N = 204), adjuvant chemotherapy (N = 20), adjuvant fractionated RT and chemotherapy (N = 65), and non-adjuvant treatment (N = 266) groups. We examined differences among the groups and validated patient/tumor characteristics associated with the adjuvant treatments. Results: Astrocytoma was diagnosed in 210 patients (38%), oligoastrocytoma in 85 patients (15%), and oligodendroglioma in 260 patients (47%). Gross total resection was performed in 200 patients (36%), subtotal resection in 153 (28%), partial resection in 71 patients (13%), and biopsy in 131 patients (24%). RT was most commonly applied as an adjuvant treatment. The use of chemotherapy with or without RT decreased after 2008 (from 38 to 4%). The major chemotherapeutic regimen was procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV); however, the proportion of temozolomide increased since 2005 (up to 69%). Patient/tumor characteristics related with RT were male gender, non-seizure, multiple lobes involvement, and non-gross total resection. Chemotherapy was associated with non-gross total resection and non-astrocytoma. Conclusions: A preference for RT and increased use of temozolomide was evident in the treatment pattern of LGG. The extent of resection was associated with a decision to perform RT and chemotherapy. To establish a robust guideline for LGG, further studies including molecular information are needed.