The 4p16.3 Parkinson disease risk locus is associated with GAK expression and genes involved with the synaptic vesicle membrane

Academic Article


  • © 2016 Nagle et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified the GAK/DGKQ/IDUA region on 4p16.3 among the top three risk loci for Parkinson's disease (PD), but the specific gene and risk mechanism are unclear. Here, we report transcripts containing the 3' clathrin-binding domain of GAK identified by RNA deep-sequencing in post-mortem human brain tissue as having increased expression in PD. Furthermore, carriers of 4p16.3 PD GWAS risk SNPs show decreased expression of one of these transcripts, GAK25 (Gencode Transcript 009), which correlates with the expression of genes functioning in the synaptic vesicle membrane. Together, these findings provide strong evidence for GAK clathrin-binding- and J-domain transcripts' influence on PD pathogenicity, and for a role for GAK in regulating synaptic function in PD.
  • Published In

  • PLoS ONE  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Nagle MW; Latourelle JC; Labadorf A; Dumitriu A; Hadzi TC; Beach TG; Myers RH
  • Volume

  • 11
  • Issue

  • 8