Are directional coronary atherectomy and Palmaz-Schatz stent more efficacious than conventional balloon angioplasty for treating de novo coronary artery lesions?

Academic Article

Abstract

  • It is unclear whether new devices such as directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) or Palmaz-Schatz stent implantation improve long-term outcomes compared with conventional balloon angioplasty in patients with stable angina and de novo coronary artery lesions of type A or type B except for complete occlusive lesions investigated by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association task force on percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. A total of 146 patients with stable angina and simple lesions were assigned to either conventional balloon angioplasty (62 patients), DCA (50 patients), or Palmaz-Schatz stent implantation (34 patients). The acute results and late outcomes were assessed by coronary angiography. The results of the three procedures were similar with respect to procedural success and complications. Patients who underwent stenting or DCA had a larger immediate increase in the diameter of the lumen and a larger luminal diameter immediately after the procedure than those who underwent balloon angioplasty. At six months follow-up, the patients treated by stenting continued to have a larger luminal diameter and a lower rate of restenosis than those treated with balloon angioplasty (2.30±0.66 vs 1.85±0.83 mm, p<0.005; 5.9% vs 29%, p<0.05) and DCA (2.30±0.66 vs 1.90±0.96 mm, p<0.05; 5.9% vs 24%, NS). The patients treated with balloon angioplasty had a smaller late loss than those treated with DCA or Palmaz- Schatz stent. The patients treated with DCA had a larger loss index than those treated with balloon angioplasty or Palmaz-Schatz stent. Stenting was a significant factor in decreasing the rate of restenosis by logistic regression analysis, compared with balloon angioplasty. The angiographic outcomes were better in patients who received a stent than in those who received other treatments. This study suggests that even lesions stable for treatment by balloon angioplasty and DCA can also be treated with Palmaz- Schatz stents.
  • Authors

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    Author List

  • Nanasato M; Adachi M; Hirayama H; Tsuji Y; Yamada T; Yoshida Y; Yamada K; Miwata S; Tsuboi N; Itoh T
  • Start Page

  • 117
  • End Page

  • 124
  • Volume

  • 30
  • Issue

  • 3