Optical spectroscopic properties recorded for simple BOPHY dyes in condensed media: The mirror-symmetry factor

Academic Article


  • © 2018 Elsevier B.V. The BOPHY structural scaffold provides opportunities for the synthesis of innumerable derivatives with linear geometries and well-controlled π-conjugation pathways. The simpler BOPHY chromophores are highly fluorescent but exhibit poor mirror symmetry between absorption and fluorescence spectra at ambient temperature. In particular, the absorption (and excitation) spectra are broad and appear as two overlapping bands of comparable intensity. In constrained media, such as low-temperature rigid glasses or stretched poly(ethylene) films, mirror symmetry is restored. Analysis of the temperature dependence recorded for simple BOPHY derivatives indicates that the vibronic envelope accompanying the electronic transitions can be well described in terms of low- and medium-frequency modes. Whereas the fluorescence spectral profile is only weakly dependent on temperature, the excitation spectrum is far more affected. The magnitude of the low-frequency mode, and the associated electron-phonon coupling, increase substantially with increasing temperature and is responsible for temperature broadening and distortion of the excitation spectrum in solution. This critical low-frequency vibronic mode is associated with out-of-plane torsional bending of the BOPHY unit. Variable temperature NMR studies failed to provide unequivocal evidence for conformational changes of one of the derivatives over the temperature range 193–353 K.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 27143399
  • Author List

  • Woodford OJ; Ziessel R; Harriman A; Wills C; Alsimaree AA; Knight JG
  • Start Page

  • 57
  • End Page

  • 64
  • Volume

  • 208