Retinyl esters are elevated in progeny of retinol dehydrogenase 11 deficient dams

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 Elsevier B.V. Retinol dehydrogenase 11 (RDH11) is an NADPH-dependent retinaldehyde reductase that was previously reported to function in the visual cycle. Recently, we have shown that RDH11 contributes to the maintenance of retinol levels in extraocular tissues under conditions of vitamin A deficiency or reduced vitamin A availability. RDH11 is also expressed in the embryo. Rdh11 knockout animals do not display embryonic defects and appear to develop normally to the adult stage, but the exact function of RDH11 during development is not yet known. In contrast to RDH11-null mice, animals that lack dehydrogenase/reductase 3 (DHRS3), the enzyme that functions as a retinaldehyde reductase and is essential for the maintenance of retinoid homeostasis during embryogenesis, rarely survive until birth. Here, we investigated whether inactivation of RDH11 together with DHRS3 exacerbates the severity of retinoid homeostasis disruption in embryos that lack both enzymes compared to DHRS3-null mice. The results of this study indicate that in vitamin A sufficient animals, the loss of RDH11 in addition to DHRS3 does not appear to significantly impact the total levels of retinoic acid, free retinol, or retinyl esters in Rdh11 −/− /Dhrs3 −/− embryos in comparison to Dhrs3 −/− embryos. Surprisingly, Rdh11 −/− single gene knockout embryos obtained from breeding of Rdh11 −/− dams display elevated levels of embryonic retinyl esters compared to wild type embryos. The mechanism of the maternal effect of Rdh11 status on fetal retinoid stores remains to be elucidated.
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    Author List

  • Wu L; Kedishvili NY; Belyaeva OV
  • Start Page

  • 117
  • End Page

  • 122
  • Volume

  • 302