As effective HIV treatments become more widespread, HIV-infected individuals are living longer, healthier lives. Many HIV-affected couples (sero-discordant and sero-concordant) are considering options for safer reproduction. A large body of evidence suggests that reproductive technologies can help HIV-affected couples to safely conceive with minimal risk of HIV transmission to their partner. However, for most couples such technologies are neither geographically nor economically accessible. This paper addresses the options for safer procreation among HIV-affected couples who cannot access reproductive technologies. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.