Adverse Outcomes with Maternal Blood Pressure Less than 140/90 in Pregnancy Complicated by Hypertension

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019 Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.. All rights reserved. Objective ?We assessed the risk of small for gestational age and other outcomes in pregnancies complicated by chronic hypertension with blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg. Study Design ?Retrospective cohort of singletons with hypertension at a single institution from 2000 to 2014. Mean systolic blood pressure and mean diastolic blood pressure were analyzed as continuous and dichotomous variables (<120/80 and 120-139/80-89 mm Hg). The primary outcome was small for gestational age. Secondary outcomes included birth weight, preeclampsia, preterm birth <35 weeks, and a composite of adverse neonatal outcomes. Results ?Small for gestational age was not increased with a mean systolic blood pressure <120 mm Hg compared with a mean systolic blood pressure 120 to 129 mm Hg (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92-2.79). Mean diastolic blood pressure <80 mm Hg was associated with a decrease in the risk preeclampsia (AOR 0.57; 95% CI 0.35-0.94), preterm birth <35 weeks (AOR 0.35; 95% CI 0.20-0.62), and the composite neonatal outcome (AOR 0.42; 95% CI 0.22-0.81). Conclusion ?Mean systolic blood pressure <120 mm Hg and mean diastolic blood pressure <80 mm Hg were not associated with increased risk of small for gestational age when compared with higher, normal mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mitchell CJ; Tita A; Anderson SB; Pasko DN; Harper LM
  • Start Page

  • 1394
  • End Page

  • 1400
  • Volume

  • 36
  • Issue

  • 13