Platelet Glycoprotein VI Haplotypes and the Presentation of Paediatric Sepsis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Sepsis triggers a complex series of pathophysiologic events involving inflammatory responses and coagulation abnormalities. While circulating blood platelets are well-characterized for their contributions to coagulation, increasingly platelet-dependent effects on inflammation are being recognized. Here, we focus on the platelet membrane receptor, glycoprotein VI (GPVI), and its role in platelet microparticle (pMP) release. The GPVI receptor is a platelet-specific collagen membrane receptor that, upon ligand binding, facilitates the release of pMPs. As membrane-bound platelet fragments of less than 1 μm, pMPs are known to have both pro-inflammatory and pro-coagulant properties. Thus, pMPs are potentially impacting sepsis at multiple stages of the inflammatory response. Studies are presented documenting the impact of the most common GPVI haplotypes, GPVIa and GPVIb, on pMP levels and release in healthy individuals (n = 49). The GPVIa haplotype corresponds to an approximately twofold increase in circulating pMPs as a percentage of total microparticles in healthy individuals along with a heightened in vitro release of pMPs. Additionally, patients admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (ICU) (n = 73) with an initial diagnosis of sepsis were recruited and their GPVI haplotypes determined. Septic patients of the GPVIa haplotype (n = 59) were statistically more likely to present with a diagnosis of severe sepsis or septic shock, as compared with GPVIb individuals (n = 14). Independent disease classification via PELOD-2 and Pediatric Risk of Mortality III scores confirmed individuals with the GPVIa haplotype were more likely to have significant organ failure. Thus, GPVI haplotypes influence pMP levels in the circulation and are predictive of sepsis severity when presenting to the ICU.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Asfari A; Dent JA; Corken A; Herington D; Kaliki V; Sra N; Hefley G; Pasala S; Prodhan P; Ware J
  • Start Page

  • 431
  • End Page

  • 438
  • Volume

  • 119
  • Issue

  • 3