X-ray radiation exhibits diminished scattering and a greater penetration depth in tissue relative to the visible spectrum and has spawned new medical imaging techniques that exploit X-ray luminescence of nanoparticles. The majority of the nanoparticles finding applications in this field incorporate metals with high atomic numbers and pose potential toxicity effects. Here, a general strategy for the preparation of a fully organic X-ray radioluminescent colloidal platform that can be tailored to emit anywhere in the visible spectrum through a judicious choice in donor/acceptor pairing and multiple sequential Förster resonance energy transfers (FRETs) is presented. This is demonstrated with three different types of ≈100 nm particles that are doped with anthracene as the scintillating molecule to “pump” subsequent FRET dye pairs that result in emissions from ≈400 nm out past 700 nm. The particles can be self-assembled in crystalline colloidal arrays, and the radioluminescence of the particles can be dynamically tuned by coupling the observed rejection wavelength with the dyes' emission.