An Endoscopic Transluminal Approach, Compared With Minimally Invasive Surgery, Reduces Complications and Costs for Patients With Necrotizing Pancreatitis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background & Aims: Infected necrotizing pancreatitis is a highly morbid disease with poor outcomes. Intervention strategies have progressed from open necrosectomy to minimally invasive approaches. We compared outcomes of minimally invasive surgery vs endoscopic approaches for patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis. Methods: We performed a single-center, randomized trial of 66 patients with confirmed or suspected infected necrotizing pancreatitis who required intervention from May 12, 2014, through March 24, 2017. Patients were randomly assigned to groups that received minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic or video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement, depending on location of collection, n = 32) or an endoscopic step-up approach (transluminal drainage with or without necrosectomy, n = 34). The primary endpoint was a composite of major complications (new-onset multiple organ failure, new-onset systemic dysfunction, enteral or pancreatic-cutaneous fistula, bleeding and perforation of a visceral organ) or death during 6 months of follow-up. Results: The primary endpoint occurred in 11.8% of patients who received the endoscopic procedure and 40.6% of patients who received the minimally invasive surgery (risk ratio 0.29; 95% confidence interval 0.11–0.80; P =.007). Although there was no significant difference in mortality (endoscopy 8.8% vs surgery 6.3%; P =.999), none of the patients assigned to the endoscopic approach developed enteral or pancreatic-cutaneous fistulae compared with 28.1% of the patients who underwent surgery (P =.001). The mean number of major complications per patient was significantly higher in the surgery group (0.69 ± 1.03) compared with the endoscopy group (0.15 ± 0.44) (P =.007). The physical health scores for quality of life at 3 months was better with the endoscopic approach (P =.039) and mean total cost was lower ($75,830) compared with $117,492 for surgery (P =.039). Conclusions: In a randomized trial of 66 patients, an endoscopic transluminal approach for infected necrotizing pancreatitis, compared with minimally invasive surgery, significantly reduced major complications, lowered costs, and increased quality of life. Clinicaltrials.gov no: NCT02084537
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Gastroenterology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bang JY; Arnoletti JP; Holt BA; Sutton B; Hasan MK; Navaneethan U; Feranec N; Wilcox CM; Tharian B; Hawes RH
  • Start Page

  • 1027
  • End Page

  • 1040.e3
  • Volume

  • 156
  • Issue

  • 4