Outcomes of Staged Treatment for Complex Distal Radius Fractures.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Introduction Distal radius fractures are common, but the results and complications of treatment with early external fixation and staged open reduction internal fixation have not been previously reported. Materials and methods Patients who received staged distal radius fracture treatment from 1/1/2008 to 12/31/2015 at the University of Alabama at Birmingham were identified. Patient, injury, and treatment characteristics, as well as complications, were collected from the medical record. Results There were 50 fractures in 47 patients, with mean follow-up of 9.3 months.┬áThirty-eight were open and 45 were intra-articular. For definitive treatment, 41 received a volar approach and nine a dorsal approach. Twenty wrists experienced one or more complications, including two non-unions. Five patients developed infections - one Kirschner wire site infection, one external fixator (ex-fix) pin site infection, and three deep infections. All deep infections occurred in tobacco users. The rate of deep infection with volar approach was 2.4%, compared to 22.2% with dorsal approach. Ex-fix pin sites overlapped radiographically with the plate in 20 fractures, with three deep infections in this group (15%) and no deep infections in the group without overlap. None of these differences reached statistical significance. Conclusions This protocol results in reliable healing of complex fractures, with a 96% union rate. However, 40% sustained complications. We conclude that this protocol is useful for temporizing complex fractures but caution that the complication rate is high. Since recent literature indicates that low-grade open distal radius fractures do not require emergent debridement and that immediate internal fixation is safe, complications might be avoided by restricting this protocol to complex or physiologically unstable patients.
  • Published In

  • Cureus  Journal
  • Keywords

  • damage control, delayed fixation, distal radius fracture, external fixation, staged treatment
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ficke B; Ransom EF; Hess MC; Moon AS; McKissack HM; Shah A; Chaudhari N
  • Start Page

  • e3273
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 9