© 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. There is an increased incidence of certain tumors and other neoplastic disease in organ allotransplant recipients receiving immunosuppressive therapy. Following clinical pig organ xenotransplantation, will there be a risk of the development of neoplasia in the pig graft or in other tissues transplanted with it, eg, lymph nodes? The incidence of neoplasia in young slaughterhouse pigs is very low (<0.005%), but in older pigs is largely unknown (as most pigs are killed within the first six months of life). However, lymphosarcoma, nephroblastoma, and melanoma have been reported in pigs. These tumors should be readily identified by ultrasound or direct inspection and palpation before an organ is excised for clinical xenotransplantation, and so transfer to the human recipient should be unlikely. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) has been reported in pigs receiving intensive immunomodulatory therapy, particularly if this includes whole body irradiation, in an effort to induce mixed hematopoietic chimerism and immunological tolerance. However, the pigs used as sources of organs in xenotransplantation should be free of the porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus that is a key causative factor for PTLD in pigs, and so donor-derived PTLD should not occur. We conclude that the risk of a malignant tumor developing in a transplanted organ from a young pig is small.