This prospective study examined 100 cases of assault that presented in our department over a period of one year 2011. The main aim of the study was to examine the differences in the cases based on gender. Males formed 78% of the cases while the females formed the rest. The most frequently affected age group in both the groups was 21-30 years. Majority of males (51.3%) and females (77.3%) belonged to rural areas. Education wise most of the victims were illiterates in both males (34.6%) and female (54.5%) groups. As far as the occupation was concerned, majority of males were labourers (44.8%) while most of the female victims were house dwellers (86.4%). The most commonly affected region of the body was head and neck in both males (70.5%) and females (72.7%). The most common weapon in both males (64.1%) and females (77.2%) was a blunt weapon. © 2012 JPAFMAT. All rights reserved.