Dissolved Boron in the Tapi, Narmada and the Mandovi Estuaries, the Western Coast of India: Evidence for Conservative Behavior

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The concentrations of dissolved boron have been measured during different seasons in three estuaries, the Tapi, Narmada and the Mandovi situated on the western coast of India, to investigate its geochemical behavior and inputs from the localized anthropogenic pressures of industrial effluents and sewage discharge. The measured boron concentrations in these estuaries (except the Tapi during non-monsoon) at salinity ≤0.1 fall in a narrow range ~ 2-4 μmol/kg (average B ~ 2.4 ± 0.8 μmol/kg) within the reported wide range ~ 0.1-18.6 μmol/kg for global rivers. The much higher estimate of boron concentration in the Tapi River during non-monsoon is attributed to its possible additional supply from the sewage and/or industrial effluents discharged along the river course. During monsoon, the rains seem to be a significant source of dissolved boron to all the three rivers. The distribution of dissolved boron in each estuary exhibits a conservative behavior during the seasons sampled suggestive of no measurable addition or removal of boron in the estuarine region. The orders of magnitude differences in boron concentration between the river waters and seawater, and the conservative behavior of dissolved boron indicate that its major contributor to the estuaries sampled is seawater. © 2013 Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Singh SP; Singh SK; Bhushan R
  • Start Page

  • 1017
  • End Page

  • 1027
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 4