The Longitudinal Association between Social Support on HIV Medication Adherence and Healthcare Utilization in the Women’s Interagency HIV Study

Academic Article


  • Social support is associated with HIV-related health outcomes. However, few studies have explored this longitudinally. We assessed psychometric properties of the Medical Outcomes Study’s Social Support Survey among women in the Women’s Interagency HIV Study, and explored the longitudinal effects of social support on HIV medication adherence (HIV-positive women) and healthcare utilization (HIV-positive and negative women). The 15 questions loaded into two factors, with Cronbach’s Alpha > 0.95. Over 3 years, perceived emotional support was associated with optimal medication adherence (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.10–1.28) and healthcare utilization (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.05–1.27), and tangible social support with adherence only (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.08–1.27) when controlling for covariates, including core sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. Interventions to further understand the drivers of sub-types of social support as well as enhance sustained social support may assist with optimizing care of women with and at risk for HIV.
  • Published In

  • AIDS and Behavior  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Chandran A; Benning L; Musci RJ; Wilson TE; Milam J; Adedimeji A; Parish C; Adimora AA; Cocohoba J; Cohen MH
  • Start Page

  • 2014
  • End Page

  • 2024
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 8