Effects of Shared Decision Making on Distress and Health Care Utilization Among Patients With Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review

Academic Article


  • © 2018 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine Context: Lung cancer is associated with significant distress, poor quality of life, and a median prognosis of less than one year. Benefits of shared decision making (SDM) have been described for multiple diseases, either by the use of decisions aids or as part of supportive care interventions. Objectives: The objective of this study was to summarize the effects of interventions facilitating SDM on distress and health care utilization among patients with lung cancer. Methods: We performed a systematic literature search in the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsychINFO databases. Studies were eligible when conducted in a population of patients with lung cancer, evaluated the effects of an intervention that facilitated SDM, and measured distress and/or health care utilization as outcomes. Results: A total of 12 studies, detailed in 13 publications, were included: nine randomized trials and three retrospective cohort studies. All studies reported on a supportive care intervention facilitating SDM as part of their intervention. Eight studies described effects on distress, and eight studies measured effects on health care utilization. No effect was found in studies measuring generic distress. Positive effects, in favor of the intervention groups, were observed in studies using anxiety-specific measures (n = 1) or depression-specific measures (n = 3). Evidence for reductions in health care utilization was found in five studies. Conclusion: Although not supported by all studies, our findings suggest that facilitating SDM in the context of lung cancer may lead to improved emotional outcomes and less aggressive therapies. Future studies, explicitly studying the effects of SDM by using decision aids, are needed to better elucidate potential benefits.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Geerse OP; Stegmann ME; Kerstjens HAM; Hiltermann TJN; Bakitas M; Zimmermann C; Deal AM; Brandenbarg D; Berger MY; Berendsen AJ
  • Start Page

  • 975
  • End Page

  • 987.e5
  • Volume

  • 56
  • Issue

  • 6