PURPOSE. To characterize relationships between intraocular pressure (IOP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), IOP transient impulse, and IOP baseline impulse using continuous telemetry in nonhuman primates. METHODS. We used our validated implantable telemetry system to wirelessly record bilateral IOP and arterial BP at 500 Hz in 7 eyes of 4 male rhesus macaques, aged 4 to 5 years. IOP, MAP, OPP, IOP transient impulse, and IOP baseline impulse were averaged into 1-hour periods over 20 days for each NHP. IOP transient impulse was defined as the portion of total IOP due to transient IOP fluctuations <0.5 seconds duration alone and IOP baseline impulse as the remaining area under the IOP versus time curve. OPP was defined as arterial BP-IOP (calculated continuously), and MAP was the hourly average of the continuous BP curve. Relationships between the variables were analyzed for each 24-hour period using either multivariate linear regression or Spearman Correlation Coefficients as appropriate. RESULTS. Over twenty 24-hour periods, IOP transient impulse and OPP showed significant positive relationship in all eyes, which was driven largely by the data during waking hours. There was no significant relationship between IOP and MAP, IOP transient impulse and MAP, or IOP baseline impulse and IOP transient impulse. CONCLUSIONS. There are significant positive relationships between the frequency and/or size of transient IOP fluctuations (IOP transient impulse) and OPP. A possible explanation of this finding is that higher OPP, as well as a greater number of blinks and saccades (the primary sources of IOP transients), are associated with increased activity.