Glycemic control among patients with physician-managed type 2 diabetes

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © Copyright 2018 by the Academy of General Dentistry. All rights reserved. Outcomes for treatment, overall oral health status, and periodontal disease progression in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been associated with glycemic control as measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. Due to the high prevalence of T2DM among patient populations in the United States, this study sought to assess baseline levels of glycemic control for patients with a known diagnosis of T2DM who were under the care of a physician and to identify management solutions for these patients. All patients included in this study were prescreened to ensure that they were dentate, had been diagnosed with T2DM at least 3 months previously, were under the care of a physician for diabetes management, and had no changes to their diabetes-related medications for 3 months or more (N = 822). The patients meeting those criteria were then screened in person, and those who had moderate to severe chronic periodontitis, had at least 20 teeth, and met other inclusion/exclusion criteria were qualified to participate in the study (N = 214). After the patients fasted, a whole blood sample was drawn and subjected to HbA1c testing. The mean (SD) HbA1c for the qualified patients was 7.76% (1.79%), and the values ranged from 5.1% to 18.8%. Among the 214 qualified individuals, 150 (70.1%) had HbA1c values greater than 6.5%. Of these 150 patients, 80 (53.3%, or 37.4% of the total screened sample) presented with HbA1c values greater than 8.0%. The majority of patients with periodontitis and physician-managed T2DM did not meet ideal standards for glycemic control. Dental healthcare providers should consider consultation and/or advanced screening for diabetic patients seeking dental care.
  • Author List

  • Geisinger ML; Morris AB; Kaur M; Hardy SL; Abou Arraj RV; Geurs NC; Reddy MS
  • Start Page

  • 52
  • End Page

  • 55
  • Volume

  • 66
  • Issue

  • 5