Risk Factors for Readmission Following Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients Undergoing Surgery for Noninfective Causes.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Introduction Readmission following revision orthopedic surgery imposes tremendous costs due to the increased length of stay, procedure complexity, and revision surgery. Following revision total hip arthroplasty, as many as one in five patients are readmitted postoperatively. Readmissions cost the federal government $17.4 billion annually. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for unplanned readmission following revision total hip arthroplasty. Methods This was a retrospective case series review of randomized revision total hip arthroplasties (THA) patients between 2008 and 2018. Exclusions were as follows: outside hospital revisions, staged revisions, revisions for infection, and bilateral revisions. Data were collected by manual chart review. Readmissions were tracked from discharge until the final follow-up. Results A total of 61 patients and 85 revision THAs were analyzed. Nineteen patients (31.1%) were readmitted; 31.6% of the readmitted patients had a coronary artery disease compared to 6.5% of non-readmitted patients. Readmission was also associated with obesity, former smokers, and hypertension. Also, the mean duration of follow-up was 26.5 months for readmitted patients as compared to 8.96 for non-readmitted patients. Conclusion Obesity, former tobacco use, younger age, coronary artery disease (CAD), and hypertension were associated with readmission. The medical optimization of patients with these risk factors prior to surgery could significantly lower costs relative to revision THA.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Cureus  Journal
  • Keywords

  • readmission, revision total hip arthroplasty, risk factors, total hip arthroplasty
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 19808099
  • Author List

  • McGee AS; Johnson JL; Paul KD; Patel HA; Christie MC; Williamson BD; Shah A; Naranje SM
  • Start Page

  • e2934
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 7