T-type Ca2+ channel expression in human esophageal carcinomas: A functional role in proliferation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • In the present study the role of T-type Ca2+ channels in cancer cell proliferation was examined. Seventeen human esophageal cancer cell lines were screened for T-type channels using RT-PCR and voltage-clamp recordings. mRNAs for all three T-type channel α1-subunits (α1G, α1H, and α1I) were detected in all 17 cell lines: either α1H alone, α1H and α1G, or all three T-type α1-subunits. Eleven cell lines were further subjected to voltage-clamp recordings: one, i.e. the TE8 cell line, was found to exhibit a typical T-type current while others exhibited a minimal or no T-type current. Cell proliferation assays were performed in the presence or absence of T-type channel blocker mibefradil in KYSE150, KYSE180 and TE1 cells expressing mRNA for T-type channel α1-subunits but lacking T-type current, and TE8 cells exhibiting T-type current. Only TE8 cell proliferation was reduced by mibefradil. Silencing the α1G-gene that encodes functional T-type Ca2+ channels in TE8 cells with type-specific shRNA transduction also significantly decreased TE8 cell proliferation. The reduction of cell proliferation in TE8 cells was found to be associated with an up-regulation of p21CIP1. Moreover, p53 silencing nearly abolished the up-regulation of p21CIP1 resulting from mibefradil T-type channel blockade. Together, these findings suggest a functional role of T-type channels in certain esophageal carcinomas, and that inhibition of T-type channels reduces cell proliferation via a p53-dependent p21CIP1 pathway. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Cell Calcium  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lu F; Chen H; Zhou C; Liu S; Guo M; Chen P; Zhuang H; Xie D; Wu S
  • Start Page

  • 49
  • End Page

  • 58
  • Volume

  • 43
  • Issue

  • 1