Scientific writing is the communication of a new idea that will alter or enlarge the reader's understanding of the subject of the article. Scientific writing follows a standard template defined by the journal that published the article. Authors greatly increase the chance that their manuscript will be published by reading and following the journal's instructions to authors. Every word, image, and diagram in an article should serve the purpose of communicating the author's new idea effectively and forcefully. The title, introduction, method, results, discussion, and reference list serve different purposes within the article and therefore are constructed differently. The abstract is a distillation of the essential points of the article and should always contain the central idea that the article was written to convey. Anyone listed as an author must have made a meaningful contribution to the work; that is, without each author's contribution, the article simply would not exist. Authors must avoid plagiarism by neither copying the writings of others nor copying their own writings or images used in previous publications. Plagiarism is easily avoided by taking notes, not quotes, from articles that serve as references and then writing the new manuscript from these notes; this system changes the original wording of the references twice and transforms the concepts into the author's voice.