Neuro-ophthalmic deficits after head trauma

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Head trauma can injure the afferent and/or efferent visual systems, resulting in neuro-ophthalmic deficits. When assessing afferent pathway injuries, a stepwise approach to evaluating visual acuity, pupils, color perception, and visual fields is critical. Traumatic optic neuropathy is of especial importance and its management must be tailored on a case-by-case basis. Efferent pathway injuries should be assessed with attention to abnormalities of ocular alignment and motil-ity, which may occur as isolated deficits or as part of a recognizable syndrome. Concussion or diffuse axonal injuries may also affect ophthalmologic function. Here, we review the extant literature describing the assessment and acute treatment of traumatic neuro-ophthalmic deficits. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 25537616
  • Author List

  • Jacobs SM; Van Stavern GP
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 11