Revised self-report assessment of functional visual performance (R-SRAFVP)-Part II: Construct validation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2018 American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. All rights reserved. OBJECTIVE. Our objective was to validate the construct of the Revised Self-Report Assessment of Functional Visual Performance (R-SRAFVP) for older adults with low vision resulting from age-related eye disease. METHOD. The 50-item draft of the R-SRAFVP was administered to 87 older adults with low vision. Construct validation included principal-components analysis and the known-groups method. RESULTS. Principal-components analysis revealed nine components (comprising 33 items): Personal Care, Oral Care, Meal/Laundry Preparation, Financial Management, Telephone Usage, Personal Preference Activities, Reading, Writing, and Functional Mobility. Cronbach's a ranged from .72 to .84 for individual components and was .92 overall. Known-groups comparisons showed that participants with moderate to profound acuity loss or contrast sensitivity deficits reported significantly greater difficulty completing tasks on the R-SRAFVP than those with milder acuity loss or normal contrast sensitivity. CONCLUSION. The 33-item R-SRAFVP demonstrates adequate evidence of reliability and validity to evaluate the ability of older adults with low vision to complete vision-dependent activities of daily living.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Snow M; Warren M; Yuen HK
  • Volume

  • 72
  • Issue

  • 5