The present state examination: Experiences with Xhosa-speaking psychiatric patients

Academic Article


  • Language, conseptual, and cultural factors are discussed in relation to a Xhosa translation of the Present State Examination which was administered to a series of 120 consecutive new admissions to a psychiatric hospital. The experiential events of psychiatric disturbance as defined by the PSE exist in Xhosa-speaking patients and it is a valid instrument.
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gillis LS; Elk R; Ben-Arie O; Teggin A
  • Start Page

  • 143
  • End Page

  • 147
  • Volume

  • 141
  • Issue

  • 2