Introduction: When conservative therapy for hallux rigidus fails, surgical options such as arthrodesis and interposition arthroplasty can be considered. Although arthrodesis of MTP joint is the gold standard treatment. However patients desiring MTP joint movement may opt for either interposition arthroplasty or implant arthroplasty to avoid the movement restrictions of arthrodesis. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate clinical outcomes and complications following interposition arthroplasty for moderate to severe hallux rigidus, for patietns who would prefer to maintain range of motion in the MTP joint. Methods: A systematic search on MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane library database was performed during February 2018. Demographics, surgical techniques, clinical outcomes, radiological outcomes and complications were recorded from each included study. Pooled statistics performed for variables with homogenous data across the studies. A linear regression model used to compare the clinical outcomes between autogenous vs allogenous material interposition arthroplasty. Results: Fifteen articles were included in the systematic review. Mean AOFAS scores improved from preoperative 41.35 to postoperative 83.17. Mean pain, function, and alignment score improved from preoperative values of 14.9, 24.9, and 10 to postoperative values of 33.3, 35.8, and 14.5. Mean dorsiflexion increased from 21.27° (5–30) to 42.03° (25–71). Mean ROM improved from 21.06° to 46.43°. Joint space increased from 0.8 mm to 2.5 mm. The most common postoperative complications included metatarsalgia (13.9%), loss of ground contact (9.7%), osteonecrosis (5.4%), great toe weakness (4.8%), hypoesthesia (4.2%), decreased push off power (4.2%), and callous formation (4.2%). Conclusion: Interposition arthroplasty is an effective treatment option with acceptable clinical outcomes in patients with moderate-severe hallux rigidus who prefer to maintain range of motion and accept the risk of future complications. Level of Evidence: IV.