Microglia and autism spectrum disorder: Overview of current evidence and novel immunomodulatory treatment options

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Autism spectrum disorder is a rapidly increasing heterogeneous neurodevelopmental syndrome, remarked by persistent deficit in social communication, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior and interest. Lately, maternal immune activation and micgroglial dysfunction in the developing brain have been gaining mounting evidence and leading to studies of various novel agents as potential treatment options. A few immunomodulatory treatment options-luteolin, minocycline, suramin, vitamin D, gut microbiota-are discussed in the current article, regarding the current understanding of their mechanisms and evidence for potential clinical use. More studies are warranted to understand their exact mechanisms of action and to verify efficacy and safety in human subjects.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kim JW; Hong JY; Bae SM
  • Start Page

  • 246
  • End Page

  • 252
  • Volume

  • 16
  • Issue

  • 3