Structures at Risk During Percutaneous Screw Fixation for Talonavicular Fusion

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Talonavicular (TN) fusion using screws dorsomedially and dorsolaterally can cause neurovascular injury. The purpose of our cadaveric study was to evaluate the safety of percutaneous screw insertion in relation to dorsal neurovascular structures. Methods: Ten fresh-frozen cadaver legs were used for this study. Percutaneous cannulated screws were inserted to perform isolated TN arthrodesis. The screws were inserted at 3 consistent sites: a “medial screw” at the dorsomedial navicular where it intersected at the medial plane of the first cuneiform, a “central screw” at the edge of the dorsal navicular between the medial and intermediate cuneiforms, and a “lateral screw” at the edge of the dorsal navicular between the intermediate and lateral cuneiforms. Superficial and deep dissections were carried out to identify any injured nerves, arteries, and/or tendons. Results: The medial screw injured the anterior tibialis tendon in 2 cases (20%), the central screw injured the extensor hallucis longus tendon in 3 cases (30%), and the lateral screw injured the anterior branch of the superior peroneal nerve (SPN), the lateral branch of the SPN, and the medial branch of the distal peroneal nerve (DPN) once each in a total of 3 cases (30%). Despite no direct injury, the central screw indicated a potential risk of neurovascular injury: closest distance to the anterior SPN was 2 mm and to the medial DPN 2 mm. Conclusion: Although neurovascular injury risk exists for all of these screw placements, TN fusion with a central screw introduced a potentially decreased risk of neurovascular injury at the expense of increased risk of tendon injury compared to the lateral screw. Clinical Relevance: Based on these results, we recommend a careful dissection be performed prior to percutaneous screw insertion.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lee SR; Stibolt D; Patel H; Abyar E; Moon A; Naranje S; Shah A
  • Start Page

  • 1502
  • End Page

  • 1508
  • Volume

  • 39
  • Issue

  • 12