Eight renal biopsies of Wegener's granulomatosis and other vasculitic syndromes with periglomerular granulomatous reactions (granulomatous glomerulonephritis) are studied. Controls consist of 57 biopsies of crescentic and focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis (of various diseases, excluding systemic lupus erythematosus). Both groups have in common the morphologic alterations of inflammatory tuft necrosis, fibrin exudation into the urinary space, crescent formation, and breaks of Bowman's capsule. In the study group, the unique feature of glomeruli with surrounding granulomatous reactions was the presence, within the urinary space, of an exudate of fibrin mixed with immune reactants (immunoglobulins and usually complement) in association with gaps of Bowman's capsule. This contrasts with an exudate of fibrin alone in glomeruli of the control group and other glomeruli of the study group. The study group also had significantly greater incidence of immune deposits in Bowman's capsule (P < 0.001). Genetic cells may result from the interaction of macrophages of the granuloma with Bowman's capsule that is permeated with immune reactants.