Individualized patient dosing in phase I clinical trials: The role of Escalation with Overdose Control in PNU-214936

Academic Article


  • Purpose: A patient-specific dose-escalation scheme using a Bayesian model of Escalation with Overdose Control (EWOC) was conducted to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of PNU-214936 in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PNU-214936 is a murine Fab fragment of the monoclonal antibody 5T4 fused to a mutated superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA). Patients and Methods: Seventy-eight patients with NSCLC were treated with an individualized dose of PNU-214936 calculated using EWOC, based on their anti-SEA antibody level, and given as a 3-hour infusion on 4 consecutive days. Results: Fever (82%; grade 3 to 4, 2.6%) and hypotension (57%; grade 3 to 4, 9%) were the most common toxicities. Eight dose-limiting toxicities occurred, as defined as any grade 4 toxicity occurring within the first 5 days. The MTD was defined as a function of pretreatment anti-SEA antibody level. MTD ranged from 103 ng/kg for patients with anti-SEA concentrations ≤ 10 pmol/mL, to 601 ng/kg for patients with anti-SEA concentrations of 91 to 150 pmol/mL. A minor tumor response was demonstrated in five of 66 assessable patients. Conclusion: EWOC determined phase I doses of PNU-214936 that were adjusted for patient anti-SEA antibody level, while safeguarding against overdose. Furthermore, the method permitted the construction of a dosing algorithm that would allow patients in subsequent clinical investigations to be treated with a dose of PNU-214936 that is tailored to their specific tolerance for the agent, as reflected by their pretreatment anti-SEA. © 2004 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cheng JD; Babb JS; Langer C; Aamdal S; Robert F; Engelhardt LR; Fernberg O; Schiller J; Forsberg G; Katherine Alpaugh R
  • Start Page

  • 602
  • End Page

  • 609
  • Volume

  • 22
  • Issue

  • 4