The effects of retention interval on preschool children's short-term memory of verbal items

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The short-term recall of word-triads was tested, comparing retention over three types of intervals within 24 preschoolers. Retention was significantly lower in the 16 sec unfilled interval condition than in the immediate test condition. This result, predicted from preschoolers' rehearsal deficiency, differs from those obtained in previous adult and child studies. A filled interval condition, requiring irrelevant verbal activity during the 16 sec period, significantly reduced recall from that of the unfilled interval condition. Recognition of the word items on a subsequent recognition test was greater than chance and was not affected by interval condition. This suggests that the condition effects in short-term recall did not disrupt the long-term storage of the items. © 1974.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Rosner SR; Lindsley DT
  • Start Page

  • 72
  • End Page

  • 80
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 1