© 2018 Institute of Physiology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic. Renal medullary endothelin B receptors (ETB) mediate sodium excretion and blood pressure (BP) control. Several animal models of hypertension have impaired renal medullary ETB function. We found that 4-week high-caloric diet elevated systolic BP in Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats (126±2 vs. 143±3 mm Hg, p < 0.05). We hypothesized that renal medullary ETB function is dysfunctional in DS rats fed a high-caloric diet. We compared the diuretic and natriuretic response to intramedullary infusion of ETB agonist sarafotoxin 6c (S6c) in DS rats fed either a normal or high-caloric diet for 4 weeks. Urine was collected during intramedullary infusion of saline for baseline collection followed by intramedullary infusion of either saline or S6c. We first examined the ETB function in DS rats fed a normal diet. S6c increased urine flow (2.7±0.3 μl/min during baseline vs. 5.1±0.6 μl/min after S6c; p < 0.05; n=5) and sodium excretion (0.28±0.05 vs. 0.81±0.17 μmol/min; p < 0.05), suggesting that DS rats have renal medullary ETB function. However, DS rats fed a high-caloric diet displayed a significant increase in urine flow (2.7±0.4 vs. 4.2±0.4 μl/min, baseline vs. S6c infusion, respectively; p < 0.05, n=6), but no significant change in sodium excretion in response to S6c (0.32±0.06 vs. 0.45±0.10 μmol/min). These data demonstrate that renal medullary ETB function is impaired in DS rats fed a high-caloric diet, which may be contributed to the elevation of blood pressure during high-caloric feeding in this model.