This study examined the relationships between attitudes toward and intention to receive the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination and intention to use condoms in a sample of female Korean college students. The data were collected in 2008 using a survey administered to a convenience sample of 1359 female Korean college students. Despite the availability of the HPV vaccine in South Korea, many college-age females are not being vaccinated. Attitudes towards the HPV vaccine appear to be an important contributing factor in vaccination, underscoring the need to make information widely available, to promote HPV vaccination, and to help women make informed decisions. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.