A 31P{1H} NMR Spectroscopic Study of Phosphorus-Donor Ligands and Their Transition Metal Complexes

Academic Article


  • 31 1 31 31 1 31 1 P{ H} nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is a particularly useful tool for studying the reactions of P-donor ligands such as phosphines and phosphites with transition metals and other Lewis bases because the reactions take place on the nonbonding pair of electrons on the phosphorus. In addition, P has a 100% natural abundance and a high gyromagnetic ratio resulting in a high sensitivity that allows the spectra to be recorded using small amounts of sample. An activity that combines air-sensitive synthesis of transition metal complexes of P-donor ligands and the characterization of these complexes with P{ H} NMR spectroscopy has been developed for an upper-division, laboratory-based inorganic course. This laboratory familiarizes students with this useful nucleus for NMR spectroscopy and allows them to study the factors that affect the P{ H} NMR chemical shifts of phosphorus-donor ligands and their transition metal complexes. Details of the activity, including procedure and pretest, are provided. Alternative methods and presentations are also proposed.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cagle EC; Totsch TR; Erdmann MA; Gray GM
  • Start Page

  • 1054
  • End Page

  • 1059
  • Volume

  • 95
  • Issue

  • 6