Characterization of a murine β1‐4galactosyltransferase expressed in COS‐1 cells

Academic Article


  • We inserted a full‐length murine cDNA, which had been isolated from F9 embryonal carcinoma cells by using a bovine lactose synthetase A protein cDNA as a probe, in a mammalian expression vector (pCMGT1) and expressed it in COS‐1 cells to characterize the pCMGT1‐directed enzyme. The galactosyltransferase activity toward asialo‐agalacto‐transferrin (AsAg‐Tf) in the pCMGT1‐transfected cells was approximately eightfold higher than that in mock‐ or non‐transfected cells. In contrast, no difference was observed in the specific activity of galactose transfer between pCMGT1‐transfected cells and mock‐ or non‐transfected cells when asialo‐ovine submaxillary mucin were used as an acceptor. Since almost all [3H]galactose incorporated into the AsAg‐Tf was released by digestion with streptococcal β‐galactosidase, most of the linkage created by this enzyme was in the Galβ1‐4GlcNAc group. The acceptor specificity of the pCMGT1‐directed enzyme was changed from N‐acetylglucosamine to glucose by adding α‐lactalbumin in the reaction mixture. α‐Lactalbumin also partially inhibited the galactose transfer to AsAg‐Tf. The kinetic study revealed that the apparent Km values of the pCMGT1‐directed enzyme for N‐acetylglucosamine, AsAg‐Tf and UDP‐Gal are 2 mM, 60 μM and 24 μM, respectively. These results indicated that the murine cDNA isolated from F9 cells encodes an active enzyme which catalyzes not only the lactose synthesis but also the transfer of galactose to N‐acetylglucosamine residues of Asn‐linked sugar chains of glycoproteins in a β1‐4 linkage. Copyright © 1991, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
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  • Start Page

  • 363
  • End Page

  • 368
  • Volume

  • 196
  • Issue

  • 2