© 2018 American Chemical Society. ClpB and DnaKJE provide protection to Escherichia coli cells during extreme environmental stress. Together, this co-chaperone system can resolve protein aggregates, restoring misfolded proteins to their native form and function in solubilizing damaged proteins for removal by the cell's proteolytic systems. DnaK is the component of the KJE system that directly interacts with ClpB. There are many hypotheses for how DnaK affects ClpB-catalyzed disaggregation, each with some experimental support. Here, we build on our recent work characterizing the molecular mechanism of ClpB-catalyzed polypeptide translocation by developing a stopped-flow FRET assay that allows us to detect ClpB's movement on model polypeptide substrates in the absence or presence of DnaK. We find that DnaK induces ClpB to dissociate from the polypeptide substrate. We propose that DnaK acts as a peptide release factor, binding ClpB and causing the ClpB conformation to change to a low-peptide affinity state. Such a role for DnaK would allow ClpB to rebind to another portion of an aggregate and continue nonprocessive translocation to disrupt the aggregate.