Relationship between physical fitness levels and attitudes toward physical education in a visually impaired population

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between physical fitness levels and attitudes toward physical education in a population of adults with visual impairments (N = 30). Subjects (13 males x̄ age = 27.7 years ± 6.6;17 females x̄ age = 25.8 years ± 5.9) were administered a survey pertaining to their attitudes and experiences in elementary and secondary school physical education classes. The survey which was adapted from a study by Sherrill et al. (1984), consisted of 21 open-ended questions with 6 optional responses. Cronbach's alpha coefficient on the attitude survey revealed strong internal reliability (r = 0.93, p <.05). Subjects also performed a physical fitness test which included the Rockport Walk Test, sit-and-reach, and timed sit-ups. Body Mass Index (BMI) was also recorded as a measure of body composition. Pearson product-moment correlations were used to determine the relationship between the attitude survey and the four physical fitness parameters. Results of the study revealed that there were no significant relationships (p >.05) between the attitude Survey and the Rockport Walk Test (r = -0.21), sit-and-reach (r = -0.07), and BMI (r = -0.15). However; higher scores on timed sit-ups were related to more positive attitudes toward physical education (r = 0.37, p =.05).
  • Authors

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    Author List

  • Kleeman M; Rimmer JH
  • Start Page

  • 29
  • End Page

  • 32
  • Volume

  • 48
  • Issue

  • 2