Role for mTOR signaling and neuronal activity in morphine-induced adaptations in ventral tegmental area dopamine neurons

Academic Article

Abstract

  • While the abuse of opiate drugs continues to rise, the neuroadaptations that occur with long-term drug exposure remain poorly understood. We describe here a series of chronic morphine-induced adaptations in ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine neurons, which are mediated via downregulation of AKT-mTORC2 (mammalian target of rapamycin complex-2). Chronic opiates decrease the size of VTA dopamine neurons in rodents, an effect seen in humans as well, and concomitantly increase the excitability of the cells but decrease dopamine output to target regions. Chronic morphine decreases mTORC2 activity, and overexpression of Rictor, a component of mTORC2, prevents morphine-induced changes in cell morphology and activity. Further, local knockout of Rictor in VTA decreases DA soma size and reduces rewarding responses to morphine, consistent with the hypothesis that these adaptations represent a mechanism of reward tolerance. Together, these findings demonstrate a novel role for AKT-mTORC2 signaling in mediating neuroadaptations to opiate drugs of abuse. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Neuron  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mazei-Robison MS; Koo JW; Friedman AK; Lansink CS; Robison AJ; Vinish M; Krishnan V; Kim S; Siuta MA; Galli A
  • Start Page

  • 977
  • End Page

  • 990
  • Volume

  • 72
  • Issue

  • 6