Enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of substances that carry blood group A specificity

Academic Article


  • An enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to estimate the amount of material carrying blood group A activity in biologic samples. A soluble synthetic form of the A antigenic determinant (A trisaccharide, ATS) conjugated to peroxidase competes with the blood group A substance present in a biologic sample for anti‐A attached to a solid phase by a second antibody coating the plastic micro‐wells. A reference curve is constructed by using known quantities of ATS to compete with a fixed amount of ATS‐peroxidase conjugate. The A substance activity in a sample is obtained by extrapolating the degree of inhibition of the binding of the ATS‐peroxidase conjugate to an equivalent amount of ATS in the reference curve. The assay is reproducible, specific, and sensitive. It has been used in pharmacologic studies to estimate the concentration of ATS in the blood and urine of rats, rabbits, and baboons and in a study with human samples, testing the potential clinical use of ATS to neutralize anti‐A when therapeutically indicated. It is also useful for the detection of ABO natural products in secretions, thus allowing the accurate classification of secretor and nonsecretor individuals. 1992 AABB
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Transfusion  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 22418248
  • Author List

  • Romano EL; Moase E; Cooper DK; Ye Y; Taylor P; Soyano A; Tam Y
  • Start Page

  • 618
  • End Page

  • 623
  • Volume

  • 32
  • Issue

  • 7