The I-J subregion of the mouse major histocompatibility complex has been reported to encode antigenic determinants expressed by suppressor T cells. Previously, cosmid clones were obtained from mouse sperm DNA that contain all of the sequences between the I-A and I-E subregions, where I-J has been mapped genetically. However, hybridization of these sequences to RNA prepared from several I-J-positive suppressor T-cell hybridomas did not reveal the presence of a transcript. In addition, no rearrangements in this DNA were detected in the suppressor T cells that we have analyzed. Our results indicate that the I-J polypeptides are not encoded between the I-A and I-E subregions of the major histocompatibility complex. We discuss several hypotheses concerning the possible location and expression of I-J genes.